Regulation (EC) 1333/2008 on food additives – definition and the 27 functional classes – list of approved additives – the purposes of food additives – the specification of food additives – use of food additives driven by cost – lack of transparency in use. Substances not considered food additives – processing aids – definition of processing aid. Sweeteners and colours. The distinction between food colours and colouring food extracts. Additive use in organic foods. Labelling food additives – information to be provided where not intended for sale to the final consumer and where intended for sale to final consumer. The labelling of certain food colours (Tartrazine (E102), etc.) with additional information. Enforcement under The Food Additives, Flavourings, Enzymes and Extraction Solvents (England) Regulations 2013.